The humanistic perspective centers on the view that each person is unique and individual, and has the free will to change at any time in his or her lives. Freud formulated his second psychological theory— which hypothesises that the unconscious has or is a "primary process" consisting of symbolic and condensed thoughts, and a "secondary process" of logical, conscious thoughts.
This process is repeated until the original goals are met. While many of these theories are Compare and contrast psychoanalytic on previous theories, they may provide variations of the original theory, or even contradict the Compare and contrast psychoanalytic theory in certain areas.
In this theory, which was mostly later supplanted by the Structural Theory, unacceptable sexual wishes were repressed into the "System Unconscious", unconscious due to society's condemnation of premarital sexual activity, and this repression created anxiety.
Both the psychological perspectives discussed have differing theories on the development of the personality. As with all theories and practices, there will be strengths and limitations.
One purpose of ego psychology has been to emphasize that some mental functions can be considered to be basic, rather than derivatives of wishes, affects, or defenses.
The final level, the Ego, tries to resolve the conflict and it is how this conflict is resolved that shapes the personality.
Freud did not consider situations where there were people who were homosexual, asexual or bisexual etc.
The id is present at birth as the repository of basic instincts, which Freud called "Triebe" "drives": These treatments can reduce the symptoms of the problem and, in some cases, actually reverse the main root of the illness. As well, they need to be able to have or develop trust and insight within the psychoanalytic session.
Psychoanalysts mainly work with neurosis and hysteria in particular; however, adapted forms of psychoanalysis are used in working with schizophrenia and other forms of psychosis or mental disorder. For Jung the most important and lifelong task imposed upon any person is fulfillment through the process of individuation, achievement of harmony of conscious and unconscious, which makes a person one and whole.
The other psychological perspective that will be looked at is the psychodynamic perspective. However, in tohe conducted his most well-known experiment with an eight-month-old baby known as Albert B.
Death instincts are linked to the aggression within humans. It views people as being similar to computers in the way we process information e. Classical conditioning involves learning by association, and operant conditioning involves learning from the consequences of behavior.
Each approach provides a different set of assumptions, processes, and applications. Albert became extremely scared of this and the white rat began to elicit a fear response.
The theory was refined by HartmannLoewenstein, and Kris in a series of papers and books from through the late s. For example, in the weeks immediately after the birth of a child, levels of testosterone in fathers drop by more than 30 per cent.
Breuer wrote that many factors that could result in such symptoms, including various types of emotional trauma, and he also credited work by others such as Pierre Janet ; while Freud contended that at the root of hysterical symptoms were repressed memories of distressing occurrences, almost always having direct or indirect sexual associations.
The questioning of assumptions and facing up to the possibilities and limitations of living is an important part of this interactive, dynamic and direct approach.
Functionalism emphasizes the analysis of the processes by which the mind works, whereas structuralism attempts to analyse the contents of the mind. Freud claimed that people all underwent internal conflicts between instincts, their unconscious motives as well as past experiences and social norms- this in totality is what will influence the behaviour and characteristics of personality.
Later, this idea was redefined as a signal of the presence of danger in the unconscious. In it Freud once again looks at the relationship of sexuality and anxiety. He also believed that people have little free will to make choices in life. For example, a patient may have an hysterical amnesia memory being an autonomous function because of intrapsychic conflict wishing not to remember because it is too painful.
Until Watson observed infant humans, he had compared animals and humans, but did not experiment with them. How the Mind Shields Itself,the teenager must resolve the problems with identity and redevelop self and object constancy.
The match between the analyst and the patient can be viewed as another contributing factor for the indication and contraindication for psychoanalytic treatment.
Most new approaches add a small amount that is truly new while expanding on existing approaches or combining elements of several approaches. The beliefs of each theory may contradict each other yet, as Richards and Bergin state: The id operates on something called the pleasure principle- this means that the only things that will be done are those which bring the individuals themselves the feeling of pleasure.
Stolorowrelational, or corrective object relations techniques. Rather than say that one is correct and the others is false, it is believed that each perspective has parts of it that are accurate.Psychology Models Since Sigmund Freud first introduced his psychoanalytic theory, numerous other theoretical models of psychopathology have been suggested with certain similarities and differences.
` The purpose of this paper is to compare and contrast the differences and similarities associated with Carl Roger’s Client-centered theory and Sigmund Freud’s Psychoanalytic theory. The focus of the comparisons will fall into the three main topic areas: that of optimal personality development, that of the nature of problem formation, and.
Start studying Compare and Contrast - Humanistic and Psychoanalytic. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Compare and contrast the psychoanalytic theories of Freud. This question was answered on Jun 24, Purchase Solution @ USD.
Compare and contrast the psychoanalytic theories of Freud. Question.
Write a 1, to 1,word paper analyzing the components of the psychoanalytic approach to. Jun 08, · compare vs contrast. Compare and contrast are words that are often used to talk about the similarities and differences between two things or objects.
These two words are very commonly used.
Compare means to see the similarity and contrast means to see the difference. Jul 09, · Psychoanalytic theory are based on inner drives and motives and orginated from Freud. Freud came up with 5 stages for children that are psychosexual, including the oral stage, anal stage, phallic stage, latency, and genital stage, and the genital stage is said to last throughout kitaharayukio-arioso.com: Open.Download